Alcoholic liver disease occurs due to heavy drinking of alcohol. Alcohol can damage & made inflammation in the liver. This disease does not occur in all drinkers. The chances of getting liver disease go up the longer you have been drinking and more alcohol you consume. This alcoholic disease is common in some families. Women may be quickly be effected then men.
Drinking too much alcohol can lead several types of liver problems and inflammation. You are unlikely to develop these problems if you drink within the recommended safe limits detailed below. For all types of liver disease caused by alcohol, the main treatment is to stop drinking alcohol completely.
We know that acetaldehyde can damage the liver. Alcohol is produce by a toxic chemical reagent mane acetaldehyde. . It seems to affect some regular heavy drinkers’ livers more severely than others. It takes a long time for any liver damage to become noticeable. The liver is amazingly good at regenerating and repairing itself. Even if three-quarters of a patient’s liver is damaged, it is able to continue to function virtually normally.
Alcohol and the liver damage occur during drinking too much alcohol
Body and liver can usually cope with drinking a small amount of alcohol. Drinking a limit amount of alcohol may help to prevent some heart disease. But over drinking of alcohol is so much harmful for our live and body. Drinking a huge amount of alcohol can damage live and can increase risk of developing:
- Stomach problems.
- Serious liver inflammation.
- Inflammation on pancreases
- Sexual problems.
- Mental problems.
- Elevated level of blood pressure.
- Damage on nerve tissue.
- Damage to an unborn baby in pregnant women.
- Liver cancer.
- Breast cancer.
- Muscle disease.
Describe 4 distinct stages of Alcohol and the liver damage occur
- Alcoholic fatty liver.
- Acute alcoholic hepatitis.
- Chronic compensated alcoholic cirrhosis.
- End stage cirrhosis and liver failure.
Alcoholic fatty liver:
The mildest form of liver damage from alcohol is Alcoholic liver disease. No specific symptoms are shown due to alcoholic fatty liver or Alcoholic liver disease. The ultrasound shows deposits of fat in the liver. The diagnosis of alcoholic fatty liver is important as it gives the patient a golden opportunity to easily reverse the liver damage from alcohol at an early stage. It is the early stages of liver damage. Patient can overcome these liver problems if no further drinking alcohol
Hepatitis means inflammation of the liver. The inflammation can range from mild to severe.
- Mild hepatitis may not cause any symptoms. The only indication of inflammation may be an abnormal level of liver enzymes in the blood, which can be detected by a blood test. However, in some cases the hepatitis becomes persistent (chronic), which can gradually damage the liver and eventually cause cirrhosis.
- A more severe hepatitis tends to cause symptoms such as feeling sick, jaundice (yellowing of the skin, caused by a high level of bilirubin – a chemical normally metabolized in the liver), generally feeling unwell and, sometimes, pain over the liver.
- A very severe bout of alcoholic hepatitis can quickly lead to liver failure. This can cause deep jaundice, blood clotting problems, confusion, coma, and bleeding into the guts, and is often fatal.
- The main treatment for alcoholic hepatitis is to provide adequate nutrition (this sometimes involves passing liquid feeds through a tube in the stomach) and steroids.
Chronic compensated alcoholic cirrhosis:
Chronic compensated alcoholic cirrhosis is the result of long-term liver damage from alcohol. These patients usually have years of heavy drinking before any symptoms appear. The onset of symptoms is very slow and is mostly diagnosed at a very advanced stage. Anytime someone drinks too much alcohol, there is some damage to the liver cells. Alcohol is directly toxic to the liver. Liver cells are usually very resilient and repair themselves after the alcohol is gone. With repeated insults without enough time to repair, the repairs become less than perfect and leave behind small scars. These small scars accumulate over many years and the liver becomes scarred and fibrous. This is how cirrhosis develops in alcoholics. Patients develop back flow of fluid into their abdomen and it can swell up and resemble the belly of a pregnant woman. The veins in the chest and abdomen become prominent and pop up everywhere. Toxins build up in blood and impair brain functions. The patients have impaired memory, judgment and thinking. At this stage, the liver damage may still be reversible in some patients if they give up drinking completely. If they continue to drink, they will almost certainly die from liver failure within a few years or even a few months in some cases.
End stage cirrhosis and liver failure:
It is the last stage of liver damage. Acute symptoms are shown on this stage. End stage cirrhosis and liver failure develop when there is further liver damage from alcohol in patients with chronic compensated alcoholic cirrhosis. Sometime this stage patient goes to coma. Patient loses sensitivity. The popped up veins in the food pipe may burst and they may bleed to death by vomiting large amounts of blood.
Alcohol that causes liver damage
Alcohol that is major causes of liver damage. Factors such as gender, age, nationality, weight and health can affect how a person’s liver metabolizes alcohol. When the liver has too much alcohol to handle, normal liver function may be interrupted leading to a chemical imbalance. If the liver is required to detoxify alcohol continuously, liver cells may be destroyed or altered resulting in fat deposits (fatty liver) and more seriously, either inflammation (alcoholic hepatitis) and/or permanent scarring (cirrhosis). Liver cancer can also result from alcohol induced liver disease or Alcoholic liver disease.