The kidney stone are usually hard, solid particles that are form in urinary tract. In several cases the kidney stone are so small and it can pass out of the body without any problems. If a stone is block the flow of urine then excruciating pain may result. Urine is form in the kidneys and kidneys filtrate out the waste product and the fluid from the body and producing urine.
Overview the medical term for kidney stones
- The kidneys are filtrate out the fluid and waste product from the body and produce urine. Two kidneys are normally located behind the abdomen organ and below the rib case toward the middle of back.
- CT scan is usually the much better way to diagnosis the kidney stone and to detect the location, number and the size of the kidney.
- Treatment is requiring for the painful kidney stone. Depending on the types of kidney stone, medication and other treatments are available.
Types of kidney stone
There are four major types of kidney stone including:
- Calcium stone.
- Uric acid stone.
- Struvite stone.
- Cystine stone.
Nearly eighty percent out of hundred percent kidney stone are made of calcium component and specially calcium oxalate. The calcium phosphate and some other minerals are also present on calcium stone. The condition that causes elevated level of calcium in the body such as hyperparathyroidism that can increase the risk of calcium stone. On other hand elevated level of oxalate can increase the risk of calcium stone. Several medications are available for the prevention of calcium stone.
Uric acid stones
About five percent to ten percent out of hundred percent of kidney stone are made of uric acid and they are called uric acid stone. The waste products are normally passed through the urine by the body and you are more likely to develop the uric acid stone if you have:
- Low urine output.
- A diet that contain high level of animal protein such as red meat.
- Excessive consumption of alcohol.
- Inflammatory bowel disease.
About ten to fifteen percent out of hundred percent of kidney stone are Struvite stones. Struvite stones are also called infection stone if they happen with kidney and urinary tract infection. Such types of kidney stone are also called staghorn calculi if they grown in large amount.
Struvite stones also can be serious because they are often large stone and occur with an infection. The medical treatment such as antibiotics and removal of stone must needed for the Struvite stones. Normally women are more likely to develop Struvite stones than men due to their high risk of the urinary tract infection.
Less than one percent out of hundred percent of the kidney stone are Cystine stones. Cystine stones are made of a chemical that called cystein. The Cystine stones are more likely to develop in the families with a condition result in too much cystein into urine.
Cystine stones is usually dissolved or prevented by the medicine. But this procedure may be difficult and not so effective. When the stone cause blockage the urinary tract, then the stone must need to remove.
Risk factor of kidney stone
Family or personal history
If somebody in your family has excretory organ stones, you are additional possible to develop stones, too. And if you have got already had one or additional excretory organ stones, you are at raised risk of the developing another.
Being associate adult
Excretory organ stones area unit most typical in adults age forty and older, although excretory organ stones might occur at any age.
Being a person
Men area unit additional possible to develop excretory organ stones, though associate increasing variety of girls area unit developing excretory organ stones.
Not drinking enough water on a daily basis will increase your risk of excretory organ stones. UN agency people that folks that those that those who} sleep in heat climates and people who sweat plenty could also be at higher risk than others.
Consumption a diet that is high in super molecule, metal and sugar might increase your risk of some sorts of excretory organ stones. This is often very true with a high-sodium diet. an excessive amount of metal in your diet will increase the number of metallic element your excretory organs should filter and considerably will increase your risk of kidney stones.
High body mass index (BMI), massive waist size associated weight gain is coupled to a raised risk of excretory organ stones.
Organic process diseases and surgery
Internal organ bypass surgery, inflammatory internal organ malady or chronic symptom will cause changes within the organic process that have an effect on your absorption of metallic element and water, increasing the amount of stone-forming substances in your body waste.
Alternative medical conditions
Diseases and conditions which will increase your risk of excretory organ stones embody nephritic cannular pathology, cystinuria, gland disease, sure medications and a few tract infections
Calcium oxalate kidney stones
Calcium oxalate kidney stones are most common kidney stone and its formation may be caused due to high calcium and high oxalate excretion. Calcium oxalate kidney stones make up the majority of the kidney stone that represent about eighty percent of the total incident of the renal stone disease. At first the calcium combines with oxalate and phosphate into intestine. Then urinary tract promotes the formation of the solid calcium stone. There are no direct causes of Calcium oxalate kidney stones formation. A number of factors may influence the formation of Calcium oxalate kidney stones.
What are calcium oxalate kidney stones?
Calcium oxalate kidney stones are account of most kidney stone. Various factor that may increase the risk of calcium oxalate kidney stones formation into kidney including high concentration of calcium into urine, low urine volume, high concentration of oxalate into urine and the low amount of citrate in urine. Some medical condition that may also increase the formation of calcium oxalate kidney stones including hyperparathyroidism or extra parathyroid hormone, bowel disease, high uric acid level into blood, kidney problem and the surgery for obesity etc.
Risk factors of Calcium oxalate kidney stones
Your doctor ordered you to eat some diet that helps you to decrease the chance of calcium oxalate kidney stones formation. Oxalate is a compound which is naturally present in many common foods. Some risk factor that may increase the chance of calcium oxalate kidney stones forming are including:
Amount of oxalates in foods
Generally many foods have little amount of oxalate but only nine foods that contain large amount of oxalate and they also known to increase oxalate into urine and responsible for kidney stone formation. These foods are including:
- Wheat bran.
- All dry bean
You have to take this foods on reduce level and best to avoid those foods for keep you safe from calcium oxalate kidney stones formation.
Amount of calcium in diet
Low quantities of calcium in your diet that will increase the chance of develop calcium oxalate kidney stones. On the other hand you need to calcium into your diet to bind oxalate in the intestine. It is help to reduce the amount of oxalate that being absorbed by your body. As a result stone is less likely to form. Consuming a sufficient amount of calcium everyday in your dietary foods or the calcium rich foods is also recommended for the decrease the chance of develop calcium oxalate kidney stones. You also take calcium supplement to prevent calcium oxalate kidney stones.
Vitamin C content into diet
Oxalate is the end product of ascorbic acid or vitamin C metabolism. Increased doses of vitamin C can increase the amount of the oxalate in urine and also increase the risk of calcium oxalate kidney stones formation. If you are taking vitamin C supplement, then do not take more than 500 mg vitamin C supplement.
Amount of fluid in your diet
Sufficient amount of pure water consumption can decrease the chance of calcium oxalate kidney stones formation. Your goal should be ten to twelve glasses of water per day and at least five to six glasses should be water. Lemonade is very helpful to decrease the chance of calcium oxalate kidney stones.
Amount of protein in diet
Eating increased amount of protein can increase the risk of calcium oxalate kidney stones formation. You must control the amount of protein in your dietary chart.
Amount of sodium in your diet
You have to reduce the amount of sodium in diet. Two to three grams of sodium is enough per day. Some food that are contain high level of sodium including sausage, dry soup mixes, hot dogs, pickles, deli meats, convenience mixes and canned products. You have to avoid those foods to increase the chance of formation calcium oxalate kidney stones.
Family history and genetics also strongly contribute for formation of kidney stone. Calcium oxalate kidney stones are for in individual who have an elevated level of calcium, oxalate and the acids in their urine. The accurate reason of the high level of oxalate and the calcium is largely unknown but some genetic factors may involve to calcium oxalate kidney stones formation.
The symptoms of calcium oxalate kidney stones
The major symptoms of calcium oxalate kidney stones are including:
- Severe pain in the side and also back, below of the ribs.
- Pain that spreads to the lower abdomen and groin.
- Pain that comes in waves and fluctuates in intensity.
- Pain on urination.
- Pink, red or brown urine.
- Cloudy or foul-smelling urine.
- Nausea and vomiting.
- Persistent urge to urinate.
- Urinating more often than usual.
- Fever and chills if an infection is present.
Treatment of the calcium oxalate kidney stones
Treatment is depending upon the size of the stone. Major treatments are including:
Using sound waves to break the stones
Your doctor might advocate a procedure known as extracorporeal undulation lithotripsy (SWL). SWL uses sound waves to make robust vibrations (shock waves) that break the stones into small items which will be passed in your body waste. The process lasts regarding forty five to hour and might cause moderate pain; therefore you’ll be underneath sedation or lightweight physiological state to form you comfy. SWL will cause the blood within the body waste, bruising on the rear or abdomen, injury round the urinary organ and different adjacent organs, and discomfort because the stone fragments meet up with the tract.
Parathyroid gland surgery
Some metal stones area unit caused by hyperactive parathyroid gland glands, that area unit placed on the four corners of your endocrine gland, just under your Adam’s apple. Once these glands manufacture an excessive amount of endocrine (hyperparathyroidism), your metal levels will become too high and urinary organ stones might type as a result. Gland disease generally happens once alittle, nonmalignant tumor forms in one in every of your parathyroid gland glands otherwise you develop another condition that leads these glands to provide additional endocrine. Removing the expansion from the secretor stops the formation of urinary organ stones. Or your doctor might advocate treatment of the condition that is inflicting your parathyroid to overproduce the internal secretion.