Calcium oxalate kidney stones are most common kidney stone and its formation may be caused due to high calcium and high oxalate excretion. Calcium oxalate kidney stones make up the majority of the kidney stone that represent about eighty percent of the total incident of the renal stone disease. At first the calcium combines with oxalate and phosphate into intestine. Then urinary tract promotes the formation of the solid calcium stone. There are no direct causes of Calcium oxalate kidney stones formation. A number of factors may influence the formation of Calcium oxalate kidney stones.
What are calcium oxalate kidney stones?
Calcium oxalate kidney stones are account of most kidney stone. Various factor that may increase the risk of calcium oxalate kidney stones formation into kidney including high concentration of calcium into urine, low urine volume, high concentration of oxalate into urine and the low amount of citrate in urine. Some medical condition that may also increase the formation of calcium oxalate kidney stones including hyperparathyroidism or extra parathyroid hormone, bowel disease, high uric acid level into blood, kidney problem and the surgery for obesity etc.
Risk factors of Calcium oxalate kidney stones
Your doctor ordered you to eat some diet that helps you to decrease the chance of calcium oxalate kidney stones formation. Oxalate is a compound which is naturally present in many common foods. Some risk factor that may increase the chance of calcium oxalate kidney stones forming are including:
Amount of oxalates in foods
Generally many foods have little amount of oxalate but only nine foods that contain large amount of oxalate and they also known to increase oxalate into urine and responsible for kidney stone formation. These foods are including:
- Wheat bran.
- All dry bean
You have to take this foods on reduce level and best to avoid those foods for keep you safe from calcium oxalate kidney stones formation.
Amount of calcium in diet
Low quantities of calcium in your diet that will increase the chance of develop calcium oxalate kidney stones. On the other hand you need to calcium into your diet to bind oxalate in the intestine. It is help to reduce the amount of oxalate that being absorbed by your body. As a result stone is less likely to form. Consuming a sufficient amount of calcium everyday in your dietary foods or the calcium rich foods is also recommended for the decrease the chance of develop calcium oxalate kidney stones. You also take calcium supplement to prevent calcium oxalate kidney stones.
Vitamin C content into diet
Oxalate is the end product of ascorbic acid or vitamin C metabolism. Increased doses of vitamin C can increase the amount of the oxalate in urine and also increase the risk of calcium oxalate kidney stones formation. If you are taking vitamin C supplement, then do not take more than 500 mg vitamin C supplement.
Amount of fluid in your diet
Sufficient amount of pure water consumption can decrease the chance of calcium oxalate kidney stones formation. Your goal should be ten to twelve glasses of water per day and at least five to six glasses should be water. Lemonade is very helpful to decrease the chance of calcium oxalate kidney stones.
Amount of protein in diet
Eating increased amount of protein can increase the risk of calcium oxalate kidney stones formation. You must control the amount of protein in your dietary chart.
Amount of sodium in your diet
You have to reduce the amount of sodium in diet. Two to three grams of sodium is enough per day. Some food that are contain high level of sodium including sausage, dry soup mixes, hot dogs, pickles, deli meats, convenience mixes and canned products. You have to avoid those foods to increase the chance of formation calcium oxalate kidney stones.
Family history and genetics also strongly contribute for formation of kidney stone. Calcium oxalate kidney stones are for in individual who have an elevated level of calcium, oxalate and the acids in their urine. The accurate reason of the high level of oxalate and the calcium is largely unknown but some genetic factors may involve to calcium oxalate kidney stones formation.
The symptoms of calcium oxalate kidney stones
The major symptoms of calcium oxalate kidney stones are including:
- Severe pain in the side and also back, below of the ribs.
- Pain that spreads to the lower abdomen and groin.
- Pain that comes in waves and fluctuates in intensity.
- Pain on urination.
- Pink, red or brown urine.
- Cloudy or foul-smelling urine.
- Nausea and vomiting.
- Persistent urge to urinate.
- Urinating more often than usual.
- Fever and chills if an infection is present.
Treatment of the calcium oxalate kidney stones
Treatment is depending upon the size of the stone. Major treatments are including:
Using sound waves to break the stones
Your doctor might advocate a procedure known as extracorporeal undulation lithotripsy (SWL). SWL uses sound waves to make robust vibrations (shock waves) that break the stones into small items which will be passed in your body waste. The process lasts regarding forty five to hour and might cause moderate pain; therefore you’ll be underneath sedation or lightweight physiological state to form you comfy. SWL will cause the blood within the body waste, bruising on the rear or abdomen, injury round the urinary organ and different adjacent organs, and discomfort because the stone fragments meet up with the tract.
Parathyroid gland surgery
Some metal stones area unit caused by hyperactive parathyroid gland glands, that area unit placed on the four corners of your endocrine gland, just under your Adam’s apple. Once these glands manufacture an excessive amount of endocrine (hyperparathyroidism), your metal levels will become too high and urinary organ stones might type as a result. Gland disease generally happens once alittle, nonmalignant tumor forms in one in every of your parathyroid gland glands otherwise you develop another condition that leads these glands to provide additional endocrine. Removing the expansion from the secretor stops the formation of urinary organ stones. Or your doctor might advocate treatment of the condition that is inflicting your parathyroid to overproduce the internal secretion.