Fatty liver disease is becoming most common types of liver disease or liver damage now a day. Sometime fatty liver disease can lead to serious health problems. Fatty liver disease is now as very common as alcohol as a causes of cirrhosis. Now a day around one in 3 people are through to have few degree of non alcoholic fatty liver disease. Normally non alcoholic liver disease is common in men than in women. Fatty liver disease more likely to diagnosed in individual with diabetes and people those over 50.
Fatty liver diseases usually lead to liver inflammation and liver scarring. This is called alcoholic fatty liver disease if it is caused due to excessive consumption of alcohol. On the other hand non alcoholic fatty liver disease not related to alcohol. Normally both of these liver disease eventually causes liver cirrhosis, which can be life threatening. Liver cancer may also causes due to fatty liver disease.
What is fatty liver disease?
A fatty liver disease is the result of the buildup of excess fat in the liver cells. The fatty tissue gradually builds up in the liver when an individual diet excessive amount of fat. A person has a fatty liver when the fat makes up at least five to ten percent of the liver. One of the most common risk factor of fatty liver disease is obesity. Nearly two third of oboes person or adult and half of oboes children are found to have a fatty liver disease.
Fatty liver disease: key point
Major Key points about fatty liver disease are including:
- Fatty liver disease is a condition where fats are builds up in the cell of liver.
- There are mainly two types of fatty liver diseases; these are alcoholic fatty liver disease and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease.
- If you have alcoholic fatty liver disease, then it is very much essential that you have to stop drinking alcohol.
- On the other hand if you have non alcoholic fatty liver disease, then you have to more active and losing over weight may help you to decrease the amount of fat in liver.
Types of fatty liver disease
There are four types of fatty liver disease including:
Non alcoholic fatty liver disease
Non alcoholic fatty liver disease develops when the liver has much difficulty breaking down fats that cause a builds up in the liver tissue. Non alcoholic liver disease is not related to alcohol. Non alcoholic fatty liver disease is diagnosed when more than ten percent of the liver is fat.
Alcoholic fatty liver disease
Alcoholic fatty liver disease is the earliest stage or phase of alcohol related liver disease. Normally the liver is affected by excessive consumption of alcohol and liver is unable to break down fats. But if the patient keeps far from alcohol, then the fatty liver will go away. On the other hand within 6 weeks of being free from alcohol, then the fat will disappear but if excessive alcohol consume continue than cirrhosis may develop.
Nonalcoholic Steatohepatitis or NASH
When the fat accumulate enough, it cause the liver to become swell. But if the original factor or causes is not due to alcohol, then it is called NASH liver. It is one kinds of liver disease and it can impair liver function and inflamed liver. Several symptoms can be seen with NASH disease, such as abdominal pain, loss of appetite, yellowing of the skin, vomiting and nausea. If left untreated, then NASH disease can be progress to permanent or long term scarring of the liver and also eventual liver failure.
Severe fatty liver of pregnancy
This is a so much rare complication of pregnancy which can be life threatening. Normally symptoms begin in the 3rd trimester and some include persistent vomiting and nausea, jaundice, general malaise, loss of appetite and pain in upper right abdomen. Women who are pregnant will screen for this condition. After delivery most of the women have no lasting effects and improve their condition.
Causes of fatty liver disease
There are number of factors that can causes fatty liver disease. Including then the two major ones are:
- Drinking excessive amount of alcohol.
- Obese or being overweight.
There are some other factors that can causes fatty liver disease, such as some medicine and fast weight loss. The major causes of fatty liver disease are including:
Besides obesity and nutritional causes of fatty liver disease including:
- Protein malnutrition.
- Rapid weight loss.
- Intestinal bypass surgery due to obesity.
- Long term use of parenteral nutrition.
Several conditions often accompany and also may contribute on fatty liver disease:
- Elevated lipid in blood.
- Diabetes mellitus.
- High blood pressure and insulin resistance.
Other causes of fatty liver disease including:
- Genetic factors.
- Some chemical and drug such as corticosteroids, alcohol, carbon tetrachloride and tetracycline.
- Eating excess calories.
Fatty liver disease symptoms
Most time fatty liver disease has no symptoms, mainly when it is mild. However you can feel tired or have mild pain and discomfort where the liver is located. This pain is normally caused by a growing amount of fat within your liver that makes it expand.
10 common symptoms of fatty liver disease
When any organ or part in our bodies become dysfunctional, then the body will try to protect or defend itself and balance by pimping excess blood to the organ and that sometime leads to severe energy loss, unexplained weakness, confusion, trouble concentrating or impaired judgments and sudden inability to participate in public or social activities.
Excess body weight will increase your risk to fatty liver disease by enormous seventy five percent. It is another fatty liver disease symptom. Person who are more than forty year age and have an excess body weight, then he or she have a great chance to develop fatty liver disease. Regular exercise and balance diet can help you to reduce your extra body weight.
Heredity, most of the time that’s passed from parent to baby and is often a primary sign of future health problems. For example, if a biological grandparent or parent was infected by liver disease, then grandchildren and children of that individual have a great chance to develop this condition.
It is another common fatty liver disease symptom. It is a condition that normally shows itself in yellowing of body skin and also in the white portion of the eyes is a major symptom of fatty liver disease. Usually jaundice is caused, when the bile flow from the liver become blocked that bring out itchy and tiny yellow bumps around eyelids.
It is one of the major sign and symptoms of fatty liver disease. Most of the time when jaundice is develops in your body, you will also notice changes in color of your urine which will be appear dark in color. When you defected, then you may also notice difference such as, your stool becoming clay colored or whitish and omitting a really foul odor.
You skin become discolored and it is another major fatty liver disease symptoms. In addition to skin color change due to jaundice, then you may notice patchy skin and also discoloration in the neck region due to swollen gland. Additional skin changes may show themselves in broken down blood vessel on the face, or the spinal veins on chest, shoulder or back. Your hand can also be affected.
Most of the time abdominal pain may signify the liver failure or liver disease. You will experience in the upper right portion or center of the abdomen that may indicate internal bleeding. This condition may causes vomiting with the tinges of blood happen if your blood vessels inside the gastrointestinal tract become rupture or inflamed. Due to this condition you can also notice blood in stool.
Most of the time fatty liver disease is a silent killer. In beginning stage, it shows almost no any symptoms. However if the disease is allowed to long time to untreated over a long period of time, then it can be life threatening. Eventually the untreated fatty liver disease can lead to serious liver failure or liver inflammation.
It is another common fatty liver disease symptom. This condition is also called Ascites, which happened due to retention of fluid in the abdomen and liver. This condition will occur with onset of acute liver disease. Normally Ascites leads to an enlarged liver, tight abdomen and navel which appears pushed out due to retention of fluid.
People with the advance liver disease can often develop muscle wasting and it is one of the major symptoms of fatty liver disease.