Heart disease in women is normally occurring due to narrowing and blockage of coronary arteries. It is the major reason of heart attack. Heart disease is number one killer of women. In united states one of four women die due to heart disease. It is also called the coronary artery disease.
Heart disease that normally affect women more than men are including:
- Coronary micro vascular disease is a problem that affects the hearts tiny arteries.
- Broken heart syndrome. It is extreme emotional stress that leading to severe but usually short term heart muscle failure.
The older women are likely more chance to develop heart disease. But heart disease in women may develop at any age. All have to change their lifestyle to prevent heart disease in women.
Overview of heart disease in women
Many people think that women do not get any heart disease. Bur more women die due to heart disease than from any other disease. Any women can also get heart disease. People when think about heart disease, they usually think about chest pain. But women might not have any chest pain. If they do any chest pain then it is called achy heavy feeling instead of the pain. The pain might be feeling in the back between shoulder blades.
Causes of heart disease in women
The major causes of heart disease in women including:
Role of estrogen
During reproductive life cycle of women, age between the14 to 45, the naturally occurring hormone estrogens that provide a major effect on women heart health. Sometime over estrogen level plays an effective role on heart disease in women.
Birth control pills
Modern birth control pills are much safer than previous birth control pills. In women normally under the age of 35 who do not have smoking habit, the birth control pill does not increase the heart disease in women. However birth control pills have small side affect like it increase the high blood pressure and also blood cloth. But then risk greater if you have smoking habit and already have a high blood pressure, then birth control pills plays an important role for heart disease in women.
Over the nine months of the gestation, normally the women may develop some condition that put them high risk for heart disease in women. During pregnancy some hormonal factor also play important role for women heart disease. During pregnancy some women become oboes and it also risk factor for women heart disease.
When then women’s menstrual cycles become stop, this time is called menopause. The women who have reached menopause have a great chance to develop heart disease. Due to the reduction of hormones like progesterone and estrogen can occur heart disease in women. You may experience before and after of menopause:
- Increase low density lipoprotein and total blood cholesterol.
- Decrease good cholesterol or high density lipoprotein.
- It becomes tendency to higher blood pressure.
- It may also increase the central fat of the body that is harmful for body.
Some hormone therapies recommend solving these problems. Progesterone and estrogen may take some time to reduce menopause problems.
It is one of the major causes of heart disease in women. Women who smoke have a great chance to develop heart disease. Especially women who have above 35 ages and also smoke have a great chance to develop heart disease.
Risk factor of heart disease in women
Some risk factors that are responsible for heart disease in women are including:
- Alcohol consumption.
- Physical inactivity.
- Low level of estrogen after menopause.
- Mental stress.
- High blood pressure.
Sign of heart disease in women
Important sing of heart disease in women including:
- Trouble breathing.
- Trouble sleeping.
- Feeling sick to the stomach.
- Feeling scared or nervous.
- New or worse headaches.
- An ache in the chest.
- Feeling “heavy” or “tight” in the chest.
- A burning feeling in the chest.
- Pain into the back, between the shoulders.
- Pain or tightness into the chest that spreads into the jaw, ear, neck, shoulders, or the inside of the arms.
- Pain into the belly, above the belly button.
Symptoms of heart disease in women
Sometime heart disease in women may be silent and not to be diagnosed until the experience of several symptoms like:
Chest pain, heartburn, upper back pain, vomiting, vomiting, chest discomfort, extreme fatigue and shortness of breath are major symptoms of heart attack.
Fluttering is feeling into the chest. It is another major symptom of heart disease in women.
Swelling of the feet, fatigues, swelling of legs, shortness of breath, swelling of abdomen are major symptoms of heart failure. Heart failure is another symptom of heart disease in women.
Paralyses, numbness of the face, sudden weakness, trouble speaking, confusion, difficulty seeing, loss of consciousness and severe headache are the major symptoms of stoke.
Many other symptoms of heart disease in women
The common heart disease symptoms in women are discomfort into the chest, some types of pain. But these symptoms are not always severe particularly in women. Some other heart disease symptoms in women including:
- Neck, upper back or abdominal discomfort.
- Shortness of breath.
- Lightheadedness or dizziness.
- Unusual fatigue.
- Shoulder pain.
How to prevent heart disease in women
Maintain the cholesterol level
It is so important to maintain cholesterol level into our body to prevent heart disease in women. You must consult with your doctor for find out the exact causes and take proper step to prevent heart disease.
Extra weight on women
You must control you body weight to prevent heart disease in women. By losing your excess weight it also help you to reduce your chance to develop heart disease in women. You must exercise consistently to control your body weight. You must need to follow proper food menu to reduce heart disease chance.
All kinds of outdoor and indoor exercise are very helpful to prevent heart disease in women. Walking, running, swimming and cycling is so helpful exercise for heart. Everyday 30 minutes aerobic exercise is needed to prevent heart disease in women.
You must control your alcohol consumption to prevent heart disease in women. Alcohol is also responsible for heart disease in women. Women who consume excess alcohol have a great chance to develop heart disease.
Control sugar level in blood
You must control your blood glucose level to heart disease prevention. High blood glucose level causes diabetes that also responsible to develop heart disease in women.
Prevention of heart disease in women
You have to avoid the factor that is causes heart disease including:
- Don’t smoke.
- Manage your blood sugar.
- Get your blood pressure under control.
- Lower your cholesterol.
- Know your family history.
- Stay active.
- Lose weight.
- Eat healthy food.