hip pain causes, symptoms, treatment, diagnosis, exercise & relief

Hip pain is the common term for pain felt around or in the hip joint. Hip pain is not always felt into the hip area or hip itself but the pain may instead be felt into thigh or groin. The hip is the biggest joint in our body and it support and bears most of our body weight and is the key area to maintaining our body balance. Because the hip region and hip joint are so crucial to movement, as a result arthritis and bursitis in the region can be especially painful or aching.

Hip pain is most common problems now a days and it can be confusing because there are a lot of causes that responsible for hip pain. It is very important to make an exact diagnosis to find out accurate causes of hip pain. Treatment of hip pain can be directed at the underlying problems and also depend on sign and symptoms of hip pain. Chronic hip pain is also common as the body ages. There is several exercise and some lifestyle changes can give you a good solution to treat a painful hip.

What is hip pain?

Hip pain is refers to the pain around the hip area or in the hip region. The pain in this region can be from weak muscle, bursitis or arthritis. Hip pain is one of the common complains that, this pain can be caused by a large variety of problems. Problems within the hip joint itself usually tend to result in pain or ache on the inside of your groin or hip.

Most of the time hip pain can be caused by several condition or disease in other regions of your body such as lower back or your knees. Such types of pain are usually called referred pain. Hip pain on the external area of your hip, like upper thigh or external buttocks is commonly caused due to problems with ligament, muscles, tendons and several other soft tissues which surround hip joint. Most of hip pain can be treated with exercise or self care at home.

Why hip pains happen?

Pain in the hip area can result from several various factors such as abnormalities of the skin, bones, nerves, joints, soft tissue of the hips and blood vessel can all result in hip pain. Most of the time the disease which can affect other joint in our body such as arthritis also can be causes of pain in the hip area. Trauma such as bone fracture is another major cause of hip pain. Normally the pain in the hip region can also initiate from painful infections or some other condition of the skin including shingles. Pain in the hip area can also happen because of a difficulty with the spine or back.

Hip pain causes

Hip pain can be caused due to number of conditions or injuries. The most common and vital cause of severe hip pain is inflamed tendons. Over exercising is also responsible for acute hip pain. This condition can be very much painful but it usually heals within several days. Most common causes of hip pain are including

Arthritis

Arthritis condition such as rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis are among the most common and major causes of hip pain. Normally this condition may happen in older adults. Usually arthritis leads to infection and inflammation of the hip joint and also the breakdown of the cartilage which normally cushions your hip bones. Hip pain slowly gets worse as the arthritis being progresses. The people with arthritis may also feel stiffness.

Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis is normally associated with the degeneration of joint cartilage and also changes in the bones underlying the joint. Usually the cartilage becomes splits and brittle. Some portions may break away and also float around within the synovial fluid inside the joint. This condition can lead to inflammation.

Ultimately the cartilage can also break down so large amount that it no longer cushions the 2 bones. Recent theory proposes that the cartilage loses its own elasticity due to cellular changes. It usually affected joints includes hip, shoulder, knees, spine, toes, ankles, finger and feet.

Rheumatoid arthritis

Rheumatoid arthritis is a defense or immune mediated condition that can causes inflammation into synovial joints. On the other hand person who develops rheumatoid arthritis may also have a preposition to the condition. Inflammation in joint may result in a rise in synovial fluid, pain and morning joint stiffness. Usually joint that can be affected includes hips, neck, feet, shoulder, elbow and knees.

Hip fractures

It is one of the major causes of hip pain. Fractures of hip are a common problem in elder adult and also the person who suffer from osteoporosis. With age, the bone can become very brittle and weak. Normally weakened bones are easier to fracture during fall. Hip fracture normally cause very sudden, acute hip pain and immediate medication must require in this situation. There are a number of difficulties or complication that may arise from a fractured hip, like blood clot in the leg. Usually a hip fracture or rupture may require surgery as a treatment. Sometime physical therapies are very helpful as a treatment of hip fracture.

Tendonitis

Tendonitis can happen in any of the tendons which usually surround the hip joint. Tendinitis is an irritation or inflammation of the tendon. It is one of the major causes of hip pain. It is normally caised by repetitive stress or trauma from overuse.

Labral tear

It is another common cause of hip pain. The labrum is the cartilage which surrounds the hip joint. Normally hip labral tears are being identified as a cause of pain and the catching sensation into joint. Most of the time hip arthroscopy is major treatment option.

Lumbar pain

Many spine and back problems can cause signs and symptoms around the hip and buttocks. The most common troubles that refer pain into the hip area are sciatica and herniated. This factor is another cause of hip pain.

Snapping hip syndrome

Snipping hip syndrome is a word that usually used to describe 3 distinct hip problems or hip difficulties. The 1st problem is happen when the IT band snaps over the external or outside of the thigh. The 2nd problems happen when the deep hip flexor snaps over the frontage of the hip joint. Finally the 3rd problem is tears of the cartilage around the hip socket that can cause a snapping sensation.

Muscle or tendon strain

It is another major cause of hip pain. Strain of the muscle around the pelvic and hip can cause spasm and pain. The most common muscle strains are hamstring strain and groin pulls.

Repeated activities also can put strain in the muscles, ligament and tendons that support the hips. But when these structure become infected or inflamed from overuse, and then they can cause hip pain.

Stress fracture

Stress fractures on the hip area are most common in sportsperson who usually participate in high impact sports like long distance runner. Stress fractures are also commonly seen in athletes who played football and cricket. Avoiding those impact activities is major treatment option.

Bursitis

Inflammation or infections of the small, fluid filled sacs are usually called bursae which protect tendons and muscle is usually due to recurring or repetitive activities that irritate or overwork the hip joint. This factor is another major cause of hip pain.

Avascular necrosis

Normally avascular necrosis happen when flow of blood into the hip bone is decreased and the bone tissues are dies as a result. Even though it can affect the other bones, a vascular necrosis most often happens in the hip area. Normally it can be occur due to hip dislocation or hip fracture or from the long term use of prednisone, is a high dose steroid.

Cancers

It is another major cause of hip pain. Tumors that normally start into the bone are called bone cancer, that spear into the other bone can cause ache or pain in the hip area, as well as the other bone of the body.

Legg-calve-perthes disease

Normally this disease are also called perthes disease and this is a difficulty similar analogous to the osteonecrosis but in childhood. If acute, it can lead to permanent infection or damage into hip joint. It is another major cause of hip pain.

Ankylosing spondylitis

This unusual form of inflammatory or insectaries arthritis can target the hips, knees and spine. Typical sign and symptoms include stiffness and pain in the morning. The exact causes are unidentified but genes are through to play an important role. On the other hand ankylosing spondylitis can happen by itself or it associated with several other disorders such as Crohns disease.

Bone fracture

Normally older people are more prone to bone fracture and it is another major cause of hip pain. In several cases, individual develops osteoporosis, is a disease that characterized by the excess loss or damage of bone tissue. Older persons bone become brittle and soft and have a gear chance to fracture by simple hit.

Hip pain symptoms

Hip pain is most of the time very difficult to describe and often patient may complain that, hip pain is just hurts or dull or severe pain. The location, intensity of the pain, description, what make it worse and what make it better, is depend on what structure is involved and sometime exact cause of injury and inflammation also depend on severity of hip pain.

The pain from hip joint may be felt in front of the hip as like groin pain, or posteriorly into the buttock or laterally over the trochanter. Sometime few patients may complain the pain into knee area which has been referred from hip.

Trauma to the hip

With a fall, twist, stretch, direct blow and the pain is normally felt almost immediately.

Overuse injury

The onset of pain can be delayed by several minutes or few hours like inflamed muscles surrounding the joint of hip, are go into spasm of the joint surface inflamed, that causing fluid accumulation.

Pain

Most of the time pain is felt in the front side of the hip; the hip joint is three dimensional. On the other hand the pain can be also felt along the outside area of the hip and even into the buttock area. Is it most common hip pain symptoms.

Limp

Limping is the body’s system of compensation for the pain but trying to decrease the amount of weight, the hip normally has to support while walking. The limping is never normal condition and limping can generate the abnormal stress into the joints, including the ankle, back and back and if the limp continues, then these area or region may also become inflamed and then cause further symptoms. This condition is another major hip pain symptom.

Fracture

This condition is another hip pain symptom. With a fracture of hip, there is a severe onset of constant or steady pain after the hurt that generally is made worse with almost every movement. Normally the muscle that attach or joint into the hip cause the fracture to move or displace, and the leg can appear shortened and also rotated outward. But if no displacement or move occurs, then the leg may appear normal as like before. On the other hand the pelvic fractures may have similar pain as like hip fracture but the leg appears into normal condition.

Sciatica pain

It is one of the major hip pain symptoms. The pain from sciatic are tends to begin in the back area and the pain radiate into the buttocks and to the side or frond of the hip. This pain can be described in various ways because of never inflammation. Various typical descriptive terms are used for the sciatica pain include burning, sharp or stabbing. The sciatica pain may be made worse or poor with straightening the knee that stretches the sciatic nerve and also make it very difficult to stand up from sitting position and walk with full stride. There can be associated tingling and numbness. Normally loss of bladder and bowel function associated with the sciatica pain may signal or indicate a neurological emergency and also presence of the cauda equina syndrome. However, if not recognized and treated with emergency surgery, then there is a risk for permanent spoil or damage into the spinal cord.

Arthritis

If arthritis narrows the joint of hip or impinges on the system the femoral head can move smoothly into the acetabulum or if there is a labrum tear or cartilage, then pain can be associated with a catch, or sensation like there is something impeding the hip movement.

Groin pain

Groin pain is most common hip pin symptoms. Pain from the hip joint or hip connection is often felt into the groin. This pain may feel like a throbbing or tightening into the inner side of thigh. The pain over the exterior of the hip is generally not caused by hip connection or hip joint problems, and it is more commonly associated to hip bursitis or trapped nerve into the lower area of the back.

Lower back pain

Lower back pain is another most common and important hip pain symptoms. Normally the pain into the hip can cause trapped nerves and also therefore result in back pain in lower area, which is usually a dull throbbing pain. But if it is left untreated, then it can severely limit mobility.

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