The size of kidney may be small but it plays a vital rule in body. Kidney is one of the major organs in body. Kidneys perform vital function like maintain overall health, including filtering waste and excess fluids from blood. Kidney disease symptoms are including blood or protein in urine, nausea & weight loss.Chronic kidney disease may lead to complete kidneys failure and then need to dialysis or kidney transplant for survival. Now a day effective kidney disease treatment is available but people are sometimes unaware that kidney disease can often be prevented.
What is kidney disease?
Kidney plays vital function in all animals; even kidney may small organ in body but it helps to maintain our overall health. Kidney filtering waste product and remove excess fluid from our body. Kidneys become fail when serious kidney disease are occur and dialysis treatment or kidney transplant are needed for survive.
Major causes of kidney disease
The main causes of kidney disease are given below:
- Autoimmune disorders (such as systemic lupus erythematosus and scleroderma)
- Certain toxic chemicals
- Injury or trauma
- Kidney infection.
- Problems with the arteries leading to or inside the kidneys.
- Some pain medications and other drugs (such as cancer drugs).
- Chronic kidney disease leads to a buildup of fluid and waste products in the body. This condition affects most body systems and functions, including:
- Blood pressure control.
- Red blood cell production.
- Vitamin D and bone health.
High blood pressure
High blood pressure is one of the major causes of kidney disease. Blood pressure is a measure of the pressure your heart generates in your arteries with each pulse. Too much pressure can damage your body’s organs, leading to heart disease, stroke and worsening of kidney function. The cause of around 90% of cases of high blood pressure is unknown, although there appears to be a link between the condition and a person’s general health, diet and lifestyle. High blood pressure may causes of kidney disease. Known risk factors for high blood pressure include:
- Age (the risk of developing high blood pressure increases as you get older).
- Family history of high blood pressure (the condition seems to run in families).
- Being of African-Caribbean or south Asian origin.
- Lack of exercise.
- Excessive alcohol consumption.
- High amount of salt in your diet.
- High-fat diet.
Diabetes is another major cause of kidney disease. When body does not produce sufficient insulin or does not make effective use of insulin is call diabetes. Insulin is require for maintain blood glucose level. Insulin transfer glucose from blood to cell.
When body cannot produce insulin properly, the blood glucose level become high. The accumulation of glucose in blood cans causes of kidney disease. The glucose can damage the tiny filters in the kidneys, which affects the ability of your kidneys to filter out waste products and fluids.
The first sign of diabetic kidney disease is the appearance of low levels of protein in the urine. Therefore, your GP will ask for an annual urine test so any kidney disease can be detected as early as possible.
It is another cause of kidney disease. Kidney stone is one of the general problems in human. It usually consists of a compound called calcium oxalate. As a result dissolve minerals are accumulate inner line of kidney. After continues deposition of this material it can grow up and have a structure like golf ball size.
What causes kidney disease due to Glomerulonephritis
This is the name for a group of diseases that cause inflammation of the glomeruli, the tiny filters in the kidney. Inflammation may be due to infection or to other causes. Infection is a rare cause of kidney failure, especially in adults. Some types of glomerulonephritis respond to treatment with immunosuppressants. These drugs suppress the immune system, which means that the damage to the kidneys can be slowed or in some cases, reversed.
Other causes of kidney disease
Other causes that are responsible for kidney disease are given below:
- Immune system conditions such as lupus and chronic viral illnesses such as HIV/AIDS, hepatitis B, and hepatitis C are other causes of kidney disease.
- Urinary tract infections within the kidneys themselves, called pyelonephritis, can lead to scarring as the infection heals. Multiple episodes can lead to kidney damage.
- Inflammation in the tiny filters within the kidneys is major causes of kidney disease; this can happen after strep infection and other conditions of unknown cause.
- Polycystic kidney disease, in which fluid-filled cysts form in the kidneys over time. This is the most common form of inherited kidney disease.
- Congenital defects, present at birth, are often the result of a urinary tract obstruction or malformation that affects the kidneys. One of the most common involves a valve-like mechanism between the bladder and urethra. These defects, sometimes found while a baby is still in the womb, can often be surgically repaired by a urologist.
- Drugs and toxins, including long-term exposure to some medications and chemicals; overuse of NSAIDs, such as ibuprofen and naproxen; and use of intravenous “street” drugs. This is one of the most common causes of kidney disease.
Kidney disease symptoms
Major symptoms of kidney disease are including:
- Poor appetite.
- Weight loss.
- Shortness of breath.
- Swollen hands, ankles and feet.
- Muscle cramps.
- High blood pressure.
- Blood or protein in urine.
- An increase need to urine.
- Itchy skin.