where are your kidneys located-location of kidneys in body

Location of kidneys means the exact location or position of two kidneys in human body. Normally kidneys are two reddish, bean shaped organs. Many people have a general question that where are the kidneys located? Normally kidneys location or location of kidneys is on either side of the spine in the middle side of your back. Major factions of these two kidneys are blood filtration and remove waste product. Each kidney contains about million of tiny filters which can process around 35 gallons of water or fluid every day. When the blood passes through kidney, then the filter sift and hold onto the material your body might need, like certain nutrient and also much of water. The kidneys are also produced several types of hormone that help to control our blood pressure.

Kidney location and structure

The two kidneys are bean-shaped with the convex area of each organ and located laterally and also the concave side medial. Normally the indentation on the concave region of the kidney is known as the renal hilus, that provide a space of renal artery, renal vain and also ureter to enter into the kidneys. A thin layer of the fibrous connective tissue usually forms renal capsule that surrounding each kidney. The renal capsule normally provides a stiff outer shell to control the shape of the soft inner tissue.

The deep part of the renal capsule is the dense, vascular renal cortex and soft. Seven cone shaped renal pyramids normally form the renal medulla to deep to the renal cortex. On the other hand the renal pyramids are associated with their bases facing external toward the renal cortex and also their apexes point toward center of the kidney. The each apex normally connect to a minor calyx that a small hollow tube. The major function of hollow tube is to collect urine. The minor calyces merge to form three larger major calyces.

Where are the kidneys located

Each kidney is located in the groove or gutters side on the upper vertebral column. Right kidneys are relatively lower then left kidney. Right kidney is about 0.4 inches lower from left kidney because of downward displacement by the large right lode of the liver. The main function of ureter is carry urine from the kidneys and store on the bladder. About 1.5 liter of urine is formed daily by the kidneys. Metabolic waste product like, urea, uric acid are eliminated with urine from the body.

Location of kidneys in human

The kidney is most important part of human body and urinary system. Kidneys structure is like bean-shape. The bean-shape kidneys normally regulate electrolytes, maintain acid-base balance and regulate blood pressure in human body. They also serve as a natural filter for the blood and remove waste product from the urinary bladder. Each human has two kidneys but human can survive his life with one kidney. Every day, a person’s kidneys process about 200 quarts of blood and sift out about 2 quarts of waste and extra water, which become urine.

General location of kidneys

Normally the kidneys location or location of kidneys is near of the abdominal cavity, just some below of rib cage, and near the middle of the back. Another kidneys location is other side of the spine. If u want to find your kidney, just put your hand on your hips, then your hand move up until u feel your ribs. If you put your thumbs on your back, your kidneys are directly between that area and the area below your ribs.

Blood supply of kidneys

  1. The renal arteries branch directly from the abdominal aorta and also enter the kidney through renal hilus.
  2. Inside of kidneys, the renal arteries normally diverge into the small afferent arterioles of kidneys.
  3. Each afferent arteriole normally carries blood into renal cortex, where it divides into a bundle of the capillaries, that known as glomerulus.
  4. From the glomerulus, the blood usually recollects into smaller efferent arterioles which descent in the renal medulla.
  5. The efferent arterioles are separate into peritubular capillaries which surround the renal tubules.
  6. The pertubular capillaries then merge to form a veins that merge again and to form the large renal vein.
  7. At last the renal vein exits the kidneys and also joins with the inferior cava that carries blood beck into the heart.

Kidney condition


Pyelonephritis means infection of kidney pelvis. Some bacteria can infect the kidney and usually causes fever and lower back pain. A spread of bacteria or germ from an untreated bladder infection is one of the most common causes of Pyelonephritis.


Sometime overactive immune system can attack the kidney and causes kidney damage and inflammation. Kidney pain is another major symptom of this condition. It can also cause kidney failure.

Kidney stone

Minerals in urine sometime form crystal stone that can grow in large enough and flock urine flow. This condition considered one of the most painful states. Most of the kidney stone are pass on their own. But some stone are too large and sometime surgery is required to remove.

Exact kidney location

The kidneys are bean-shaped and about the size of a tightly clenched fist. They lie behind the peritoneum on the posterior abdominal wall on each side of the vertebral column near the lateral borders of the psoas major muscles. The kidneys extend from the level of the last thoracic (T12) to the third lumber (L3) vertebrae and the rib cage partially protects them. The liver is superior to the right kidney, causing the right kidney to be slightly lower than the left kidney. If you would like to see an image about how much of the kidneys are covered by ribs.

Where are the kidneys located in human

Most of the people have two kidneys, but it is possible to alive and leads normal life with one kidney. The shape of kidney is like bean shape. The kidneys location or location of kidneys are in the back of the abdomen, one each side of the spine. They lie from the level of the 12th thoracic vertebra to the 3rd lumbar vertebra. The right kidney is usually lower than the left. The left kidney is usually longer and narrower than the right and lies nearer the middle of the body. The pancreas lies in the curve of the duodenum and extends in front of the left kidney.

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