pulmonary heart or vascular disease symptoms, causes & treatment

heart diagram

Pulmonary heart disease is the clinical term for disease normally affecting the blood vessels from the lungs. Most of the forms of pulmonary heart disease cause chest pain, shortness of breath, syncope and unexplained anxiety. On the other hand pulmonary heart disease usually defined as a heart disease that resulting from a lung disorder. Due to the complication of the lung problems blood flow into the lung become very slowly and as a result increased the lung pressure. Due to this condition right side of the human heart has to pump the blood very hard to push against the elevated blood pressure and this condition can lead the swelling of the heart muscle some other disorder. But chronic lung condition or situation may causes advance emphysema, pulmonary hypertension and also cystic fibrosis.

What is pulmonary heart disease?

Pulmonary heart disease is defined as the condition that normally affects the blow vessels between the route of lungs and heart. Usually blood flow from the heart into the lungs and then again turn back into the heart. This blood flowing process frequently refills the blood with lot of oxygen and other hand lets the carbon dioxide be exhaled.

Chronic pulmonary heart disease

Cor pulmonate is also referred to as chronic pulmonary heart disease. Chronic pulmonary heart disease may also cause enlargement of the right ventricle. Chronic pulmonary heart disease can have both gradual chronic onset and the sudden acute onset. The chronic onset of this heart disease is characteristically the result of a co-condition that normally referred as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease or (COPD), that may happened due to cigarette smoking.

Causes of pulmonary heart disease

The causes of the pulmonary heart disease are varying according to the effected blood vessel of the lung. Usually pulmonary heart disease is divided into some categories:

Pulmonary artery hypertension

This causes elevated blood pressure into the pulmonary arteries and is is one of the major causes of pulmonary heart disease. Normally lung disease, heart failure and autoimmune disease are responsible for pulmonary artery hypertension.

Pulmonary venous hypertension

It is another major cause of pulmonary heart disease. Due to this condition blood pressure can increase in the pulmonary veins. Most of the time congestive heart failure may happen due to pulmonary venous hypertension. Normally effected mitral valve into the heart may take major contribute for pulmonary venous hypertension.

Pulmonary embolism

A blood clot which takes off from the deep vein then travels into the right heart and finally pumped in the lungs. It Is another major causes of pulmonary heart disease.

Chronic thromboembolic disease

In very rare cases pulmonary embolism or blood clot into the lungs is never reabsorbed by the body. But instead of this occurrence, a small reaction happen in lung and in which several small blood vessels into the lung may also become effected. Normally these processes happen very slowly and then gradually influence a large part of the arterial system.

Symptoms of pulmonary heart disease

Clinical manifestations are not specific for the pulmonary vascular disease. Normally they differ from each other in acute pulmonary vascular disease from the chronic pulmonary vascular disease.

Acute pulmonary vascular disease symptoms:

  1. Syncope.
  2. Chest pain.
  3. Extremely severe polipnea.
  4. Unexplained anxiety.

Physical examination may reveal:

  1. Skin changes.
  2. Sweating.
  3. Techypnea.
  4. Confusion and even get in coma.
  5. Hypotension.
  6. Lower limb edema.
  7. Agitation.
  8. Sign of decompensation into the right ventricle.

Chronic pulmonary vascular disease symptoms:

  1. Fatigue.
  2. Chest pain.
  3. Dyspnea.
  4. Cough.
  5. Dysphonia.
  6. Hemoptysis.

Physical examination may revel:

  1. Skin cyanosis.
  2. Jaundice.
  3. Hepato-jugular reflux.
  4. Edema.

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