Spleen cancer is different types including lymphoma, some types of T-cell lymphomas and non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma. The spleen is an organ that is located under the ribs in the left side of the body. Spleen is one of the parts of lymphatic system that is composed of lymph vessels, lymph nodes, thymus, lymphatic fluid, tonsils and lymphoid tissue of digestive tract. Normally the spleen filters the blood and also helps the body to fight against infection.
What is spleen cancer?
Most of the cancer does not start into the spleen and those do are almost always lymphomas. The lymphomas are types of blood cancer and develop in the lymphatic system. It is much more common for a lymphoma to start into another part of the lymphatic system. Leukemia’s that start in the bone marrow is other types of blood cancer. Leukemia can invade the spleen. Exceptionally some other types of cancer which are located anywhere in the body can spread. These include stomach cancers, lung cancer, liver cancer, pancreatic cancers and colon cancer.
What causes spleen cancer?
Some reason or factor those are responsible to cancer development or spread into the spleen. But some risk factors have been identified or recognized for the leukemia or lymphoma that can involved in spleen cancer.
Risk factor of spleen cancer
Normally a number of risk factors that are increase the risk of developing lymphoma and leukemia. Not all people with the risk factors will get spleen cancer. Some risk factors of spleen cancer are including:
- Advanced age.
- Certain types of infections.
- Compromised immune system due to the conditions as HIV/AIDS.
- Exposure to certain chemicals.
- Exposure to radiation.
- Family history of leukemia or lymphoma.
- Personal history of the certain blood disorders.
- Certain types of chemotherapy.
- Medications for organ transplant.
- Cancer and cancer treatment.
What are the symptoms of spleen cancer?
Spleen cancer symptoms are usually related to enlargement of spleen and decreased infection-fighting ability in general or the specific types of cancer.
Spleen is a small organ and located beneath the rib cage inside the left side of abdomen. Normally these organs are helps to produce immune cells. Immune cell are normally use to protect against the body infection. The spleen lymphoma can develop general cancer cell growth into the spleen. The abnormal cell growth may cause the spleen to enlarge and swell. That condition is one of the major symptoms of spleen cancer. Enlarged spleen can cause mild abdominal discomfort or pain.
Fever and night sweats
Spleen cancer is types of B cell lymphomas which can cause fever in certain people. It is another major symptom of spleen cancer. Fever causes increase in body temperature that signaled by the immune system to the presence of abnormal cell growth or infection. Those people who develop a fever may appear flushed and also their skin can be warm. Night sweating is another symptom of spleen cancer.
Decreased appetency or Weight Loss
A swollen spleen will expand and press into close organs, like the digestive tube. Once this happens, affected folks will develop a shrunken appetency or might become full when feeding a little quantity of food, apprehend Cancer health specialists report. These symptoms of spleen cancer will contribute to delicate to moderate weight loss in affected folks.
In healthy folks, the body fluid glands at intervals the spleen facilitate clear toxins from the blood. neoplastic cell growth at intervals the spleen will disrupt the traditional perform of this organ, inflicting toxins to accumulate at intervals the blood. High levels of blood toxins will inflame and irritate the skin. Consequently, folks with spleen sickness} will develop remarkably restless skin as a signal of this disease, UMMC health professionals report. Those who overtimes scratch restless skin will be at AN accumulated risk of developing a skin infection.
Other symptoms of spleen cancer
Other common symptoms of spleen cancer including:
- Abdominal pain or fullness, especially into the upper abdomen.
- Bone pain or joint pain.
- Easy bleeding or bruising.
- Fever and chills.
- Frequent infections.
- Night sweats.
- Swollen lymph nodes.
- Unexplained weight loss.
How spleen cancer is treated?
The main goal of spleen cancer treatment is to permanently and completely cure the cancer or bring complete remission of spleen cancer. Remission means the there is no longer present any sign or symptoms of spleen cancer. Some types of lymphoma and leukemia are slow-growing and also initially be treated conservatively. It is meaning that the patient is carefully observed for sign or symptoms development for prognosis. It is very important to continue routinely visits with medical care team or doctor so that significant progression can be identified so quickly.
Spleen cancer common treatment
Some common treatment for spleen cancer including:
- Biological therapy to improve the immune system’s skill to attack cancer cells.
- Chemotherapy to attack spleen cancer
- Participation in a clinical trial trying promising new treatments for spleen cancer.
- Radiation therapy to attack spleen cancer
- Surgery to remove spleen cancer cell or alleviate symptoms.
- Stem cell transplant to provide strong stem cells that can compose new blood cells.
- Targeted therapy to attack spleen cancer
- Watchful waiting to recognize when to start treatment.
Other common treatment for spleen cancer:
Other medical treatment for spleen cancer including:
- Antinausea medications if nausea occurs.
- Antibiotics and some other medications to decrease the possibility of getting infections
- Blood transfusions to the temporarily restore blood components that have been lost or reduced.
- Dental care to manage the symptoms that may occur in the mouth due to chemotherapy or leukemia.
- Dietary counseling to help continue strength and nutritional status.
- Pain medications if required to increase comfort.
- Steroids to frustrate autoimmune disorders that can irregularly occur with spleen cancer.
- Vaccinations to prevent diseases such as flu and pneumonia.