Spot on liver could be a sign of a cancer. Doctor can do some tests for confirm sports on liver but it might be the beginning of cancer or may be form a tumor that just begun to grow. Spots on liver usually caused by tumors that normally growing on the liver. Spots on liver are not always cancerous and these usually called begin tumor. But sometime the tumor can become malignant and that can be converted into cancerous.
Causes of spots on liver
Imaging studies are applied on liver like CT scan, ultrasound, MRI scans to visualize the structure of liver and texture on the organ. The liver usually has a uniform appearance on the imaging scans. A spot on live describe the area that appears a different form of the maximum liver tissue. Various factors like, inflammatory reactions, Infections, cancerous tumors and various types of noncancerous agent can appear the spots on liver. Some causes that are responsible for spot liver are given below:
It is a major cause of spots on liver. A hemangioma is a non-cancerous tumor that composed of abnormal blood vessel. It is form during development into the womb. Hemangioma is the most common type of non-cancerous liver tumor. The tumor is most commonly occurring in females but less commonly occur in male. This tumor can present at any age og life. Most of the hemangioma does not cause symptoms and are discovered incidentally. it is so much responsible for spot on liver.
Liver adenoma is one kinds of uncommon non-cancerous liver tumor. Women those taking oral contraceptives are most frequently affected on liver adenoma. Liver adenomas are also called hepatocellular adenoma that normally arise from the abnormal growth liver cells. In rare cases a multiple liver adenoma is develop in association with an inherent abnormalities. This is usually known as familial liver adenomatosis. Among women those taking oral contraceptives pill and discontinuation of the drug usually leads to resolution of the tumor. Surgical removal required for remove liver adenoma that are responsible for spots on liver.
Liver granuloma is also responsible for spot on liver. Liver granulomas represent the distinct masses of inflammatory tissues that appear a spots on live. Granulomas normally form in response to infection that occurs in the liver including toxoplasmosis, tuberculosis, syphilis, cat scratch fever, cryptococcosis, histoplasmosis, schistosomiasis and tularemia. Other condition that might causes liver tularemias such as Hodgkin lymphoma, polymyalgia rheumatic and sarcoidosis, an autoimmune disorder.
Liver cancer is one of the most common and serious life threading causes of spot on liver. The American cancer society is estimates the occurrence of more than twenty four thousand new cases of liver cancer among America in 2011. Chronic viral hepatitis, alcohol abuse, liver cirrhosis, chronic viral hepatitis and iron overload are the major risk factor for the liver cancer, according to national cancer institute. Until the disease reaches at advantage stage, the symptoms of liver cancer do not appear. Regular ultrasound of the liver is done among the people who at high risk for the liver cancer. Liver cancer is mostly responsible for the spots on liver.
Metastatic liver cancer
Metastatic liver cancer is also responsible for spots on liver. Definite types of cancer commonly spread to the live, including lung, colon, and pancreas. Liver tumor that spread from the arising spot to another location is described as metastatic liver cancer. Metastatic liver cancer prover the most common than cancer originates from the liver itself. Metastatic liver cancer is an threatening development because cancer that that spreads to another organ and often cannot be cured.
Symptoms of spot on liver
Symptoms that are responsible for spots on liver are including:
- An accumulation of fluid around the liver and intestines.
- Dark colored urine.
- Pain in the back or abdomen or around the right shoulder blade.
- Weight loss.
- Internal bleeding.
- A hard lump just below the rib cage.
- Yellowing of the skin and whites of the eye.
- Loss of appetite.
- Abdominal pain.
- Clay-colored bowel movements..
Diagnosis of spots on liver
- Blood tests done to check liver enzyme levels.
- By abdominal ultrasound to check liver size and to look for any tumors’ or abnormalities
- Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the abdomen.
- Computed tomography (CT) scan of the abdomen.
- Angiography – that is a dye is injected into the veins and its growth through the liver is tracked by X-ray.
- Biopsy – using a laparoscope, a small piece of tissue that is taken from the liver for microscopic examination.
- Chest X-rays is usually done to see if the cancer has spread.
- Laparoscopy – through a small incision, the doctor normally inserts a small and thin tube called a laparoscope, which allows to viewing of the liver and surrounding organs.
Treatment of spot on liver
Some medical techniques are use for the treatment of spots on liver including:
Ablation means to destroy tumor cell. For this treatment, alcohol is usually injected into the tumors. The alcohols are able to kills cancer cells that are responsible for spot on liver.
In this treatment, usually a needle is inserted into the tumors. Laser light or High-intensity radio waves are then passed through the needle. These heats are able to kill cancerous cell that causes spots on liver.
It is normally use on the last stage of cancer. A chemical is use for destroy cancerous cell those causes spot on liver.
It is most popular way to kill cancerous cell, in this technique use high-energy beams of radiation that focus on cancer cell, and then kill or destroy cancerous cell.
Risk factor of spots on liver
Several risk factors that are responsible for spot on liver are given below: