Long -term diabetes that causes changes in small blood vessels that can lead to damage of the kidneys. As a result severe kidney disease occurs. Type 1 and type 2 diabetes are mainly responsible for this kidney failure. Subtle damage to the kidneys can start within a year or so of Type 1 diabetes, and can be present at diagnosis in Type 2, but it usually takes 5 to 10 years to become a noticeable problem.
What is diabetes and kidney disease?
Diabetes and kidney disease is a complication that occurs in those people who have severe diabetes. Filter of kidneys and the glomeruli become damage in this condition. Kidney dose not works properly on this condition. Because of this the kidneys ‘leak’ abnormal amounts of protein from the blood into the urine. The main protein that leaks out from the damaged kidneys is called albumin. In normal healthy kidneys only a tiny amount of albumin is found in the urine. A raised level of albumin in the urine is the typical first sign that the kidneys have become damaged by diabetes.
What does diabetes do to the kidneys?
The small blood vessels in the body are injuring during diabetes. Diabetes and kidney failure occur when blood vessels in the kidney are injure. During diabetes and kidney disease kidneys cannot clean blood properly. Your body will retain more water and salt than it should, which can result in weight gain and ankle swelling. You may have protein in your urine. Also, waste materials will build up in your blood.
Diabetes also damage nerves system in our body. This can cause difficulty in emptying your bladder. The pressure resulting from your full bladder can back up and injure the kidneys. Also, if urine remains in your bladder for a long time, you can develop an infection from the rapid growth of bacteria in urine that has a high sugar level.
What are diabetes and kidney disease symptoms?
Diabetes and kidney disease symptoms at first tend to be vague and nonspecific. Feeling tired, having less energy are the primary symptoms of diabetes and kidney disease. More symptoms of diabetes and kidney disease are given below:
- Difficulty thinking clearly.
- A poor appetite.
- Weight loss is another diabetes and kidney disease symptoms.
- Dry, itchy skin is one of the major symptoms of diabetes and kidney disease.
- Muscle cramps.
- Fluid retention which causes swollen feet and ankles.
- Puffiness around the eyes.
- Needing to pass urine more often than usual.
- Being pale due to anemia.
- Feeling sick is another diabetes and kidney disease symptoms.
Prevention and treatment of diabetes and kidney failure
We can prevent our diabetes and kidney disease by several ways. We should control our diet and control blood sugar.
- Keep your blood glucose at target. Talk to your doctor about what your target range should be.
- Keep your blood pressure at target. For most people with diabetes, the goal is below 130/80 mm Hg. Again, talk to your doctor about your personal target.
- Don’t smoke.
- Take your medications as prescribed. Your doctor may prescribe an ACE (angiotensin converting enzyme) inhibitor or an ARB (angiotensin receptor blocker) to help manage your blood pressure and slow the loss of kidney function.
- Have your blood cholesterol checked annually and keep it at target, which is an LDL-cholesterol level of 2.0 mmol/L for most individuals.