Liver damage causes, signs, symptoms, diagnosis & treatment

Liver damage signs and symptoms including swollen abdomen, jaundice, urine changes and stool changes. Liver damage includes a wide range of disease or condition which may occur due to response of viruses or chemical. Live is one of the vital organs in our body. Without liver, it is impossible to digest food and also absorb nutrient. Some inflamed liver or liver damage are temporary and go away on their own, on the other hand some other liver problems or liver damage can last for a long period and lead to serious liver complication.

What causes liver damage

Liver is largest organ in human body. Normally it takes place on right upper side of abdomen. The average weight of adult liver is 1.4-1.5 kg. Liver plays vital rule in our body. Its function widely distributed in whole body. Removing toxin, processing food nutrient, regulate body metabolism are major function of liver.

But some fact that are responsible for liver damage. As a result, liver cannot do it works properly. Some causes are discussed below:

Causes of liver damage

The major causes of liver damage are given below:

Viral hepatitis that causes liver damage

Viral hepatitis causes due to attack of hepatitis virus. Viral hepatitis comes on many forms.

Hepatitis A

It causes due to attack of hepatitis A virus. Normally it spread via oral route. The virus spreads to the liver, kidney and spleen. Hepatitis A virus may can serious inflammation on liver. Hepatitis A virus causes liver damage. Hepatitis A vaccine can solve these liver problems. We can prevent of spread hepatitis virus by follow some rules like proper hand washing when food prepare.

Hepatitis B

Hepatitis B virus is responsible for hepatitis B. hepatitis B virus is spread by exposure to body fluid. It can be spread by sexual contract. Hepatitis B virus is present in saliva, breast milk and semen. So it can transfer from mother to children via breast milk. Hepatitis B virus can causes serious liver damage. It can causes serious inflammation into liver. Hepatitis B virus can lead to make liver cancer.

Hepatitis C

Hepatitis C is caused by the hepatitis C virus. Sharing of injection equipment among injection drug users is one of the major causes of spread hepatitis c virus. In one exceptional case the disease was transmitted by means of a straw shared for inhaling cocaine. In more than third of the cases transmission causes by contaminated blood, sexual contact or other means that cannot be identified. Hepatitis C virus causes chronic liver damage. At present there is no vaccine to prevent hepatitis C virus.

Drug that causes liver damage

Liver cell can permanently damage by uses some drug. Some medications or drugs require an overdose to cause liver injury while others may cause the damage even when taken in the appropriately prescribed dosage.

By excess use of acetaminophen is causes liver damage. Niacin is another medication used to control elevated blood levels of cholesterol, but liver inflammation for this medication is related to the dose taken. Similarly, patients with underlying liver disease may be at higher risk of developing liver disease due to medications such as niacin.

Herbal supplements that causes liver damage

Herbal supplement is one of the major causes of liver damage. kava, ephedra, skullcap and pennyroyal, that are seriously causes liver damage.


Toxin agent is another cause of liver damage. Poisonous wild mushroom Amanita phalloides that causes chronic liver failure.

Signs and symptoms of liver damage

The liver plays an important role in human body. Liver is largest organ in body. The main function of liver is digest food, rid toxic substances and absorb vital nutrients that the body needs for survival. Some people born with liver problems and their signs and liver damage symptoms are shown after birth. Most of people damage their liver due to take harmful chemicals, poor eating habits, excessive consumption of alcohol, or substance abuse are often the contributing factors behind the development of liver diseases. Signs and symptoms of liver damage are visible when liver become effect due to this harmful chemical. Signs and symptoms of liver damage are described below:

Signs of liver damage

Liver damage can inherited from family member, toxicity like due to viruses or chemicals, to a long term disease like cirrhosis which can damage your liver for the rest of your life. Major signs of liver damage are including:

Swollen abdomen

This condition is one of the major liver damage signs. Cirrhosis, the severe progression of liver disease and causes fluid bind up into abdomen as a level of protein and albumin in the blood and fluid are retain. This condition is normally referred to as Ascites. This can actually make the patient appear pregnant.


It is another major signs of liver damage. Discolored body skin and eyes which can take on a yellowish hue is signs of liver damage. These whites of the eyes and yellowing of the body skin results as bilirubin builds into blood and liver is unable to eliminated waste product from body.

Abdominal tenderness

Abdominal pain is another major liver damage symptom. Abdominal pains mainly occur into the upper right corner of the abdomen and to the lower right area of the rib cage.

Urine changes

Urine color can also change due to liver damage. Urine may become yellow in color due to the increased levels of bilirubin into our body’s bloodstream. The damaged live is fully unable to eliminate waste product through the kidneys and urine color become changes.

Irritated skin

Itchy skin that does not seem to go away and also develop into a flaky rash is another major signs of liver damage. The skin becomes flaky, itchy and thick due to lack of fluid flow manifests into the surface of the skin.

Stool changes

The stool color becomes changes doe to liver damage or liver failure. With liver damage often come numerous changes in bowel movement. Some other symptoms like stool may turn into pale in color or tar colored, irritable bowel syndrome and contain traces of blood. This condition is another major liver damage symptom.


Digestive issue, like indigestion and also acid reflux can rear its ugly head with the liver damage and also lead to vomiting attack. It is another major liver damage signs.

Loss of appetite

Liver damage the progresses into the liver failure without any clinical attention may causes appetite loss which result in severe weight loss.

Fluid retention

Fluid can typically retained into the feet, legs, ankles and face, a condition referred to edema, that is characterized by a seriously inflamed liver or damaged liver. When you press down into the swollen areas of your skin, then you will notice that imprint will remain for few second after finger is lifted.


Chronic fatigue, memory loss, muscle and weakness, confusion and also eventually coma are common symptoms when a damaged liver progresses into liver failure.

Skin changes

One of the earlier signs and liver damage symptoms is sudden skin change. Skin becomes yellow after liver problems. This could also mean that the fingernails or the tips of the fingers could turn yellow. Skin becomes yellow because liver cannot able to release toxins product properly from body and bilirubin level in blood become high. Bilirubin is then accumulating under the skin and skin become yellow. So it is the earlier signs and symptoms of liver damage.

Itchy or oversensitive skin

It is another most common signs and liver damage symptoms. Early signs of liver problems may occur within the skin. This could mean an itchy skin area that progressively gets worse over time. Having skin that is sensitive to the touch or becomes inflamed easily after itching could also be a sign of liver problems. Keeping the skin moisturized will help alleviate any discomfort.

Urine and stool change

When liver become inflamed or damage, urine can become dark in color. Sometime people think it is causes for dehydration and urine become normal after drinking sufficient amount of water. If urine become yellow although drinking sufficient fluid then it indicate liver problem. Bilirubin produce in blood when blood cell become damage and liver release it from body, if liver cannot release it from body, bilirubin level become high in blood, and urine become yellow. It is another major signs and symptoms of liver damage.

Abnormal changes

It is another major signs and symptoms of liver damage. Changes in the abdominal area may provide early indication of liver trouble. This could start off as having a cramping or pain in the lower abdomen. It can quickly turn into a gassy sensation that accompanies pressure. As the liver problem gets worse, ascites can develop. This is a buildup of fluid within the abdominal wall. It can become so great that it can also apply pressure to the lungs making it difficult to breathe. A paracentesis may have to be preformed to remove the fluid from the abdomen.

Liver damage symptoms

Liver damage symptoms are depending on the severity of liver failure. Major liver damage symptoms are including:

Early liver damage symptoms

  1. Abdominal pain.
  2. Diarrhea.
  3. Feeling generally unwell.
  4. Nausea.
  5. Feeling sick.
  6. Fatigue.
  7. Loss of appetite.

Advanced liver damage symptoms

When liver become lore seriously damage, then you will develop more severe symptoms including:

  1. Yellowing of the skin.
  2. Whites of the eyes.
  3. Swelling in the legs.
  4. Fever.
  5. Very itchy skin.
  6. Hair loss.
  7. Increased sensitivity with drug and alcohol.
  8. Blood with vomiting.
  9. Tarry stools due to internal bleeding.
  10. Blotchy red palms.
  11. Muscle wasting.
  12. Weakness.
  13. Significant weight loss.
  14. Insomnia.
  15. Swelling in abdomen.
  16. Unusually curved fingertips.
  17. Swelling in ankles.
  18. Memory problems.

Some major signs and symptoms of liver damage are described below:

Primary liver cancer

Primary liver cancer is major signs and symptoms of liver damage. It is growing due to liver damage. Cirrhosis and hepatitis is major leading causes of liver cancer.
Signs and Symptoms of Primary Liver Cancer

  1. Abdominal pain
  2. Abdominal swelling.
  3. An enlarged liver.
  4. Fatigue.
  5. Loss of appetite
  6. Nausea.
  7. Vomiting.
  8. Wight loss.


Hepatitis is another signs and symptoms of liver damage. Hepatitis is a gastrological disease, hepatitis means inflammation of liver. Chronic hepatitis B infection increases a person’s chance of developing liver cancer by one hundred times.

Signs and Symptoms of hepatitis:

  1. Jaundice.
  2. Fever.
  3. Joint aches.
  4. Mild fever.
  5. Vomiting.
  6. headache
  7. Diarrhea.

All Comments

  • I have a rare liver disease which makes my liver very congested I feel ill every day and depression very bad too . Has anyone else feel the same feel so alone as its so rare can’t be treated.

    Angela January 16, 2017 6:53 am Reply

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